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Article: Japanese EFL Learners’ Pragmatic Awareness Through the Looking Glass of Motivational Profiles

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Kenji Tagashira, Kazuhito Yamato, and Takamichi Isoda


Pragmatic awareness in the field of interlanguage pragmatics has been investigated using various factors: linguistic environment, overall second language proficiency, and length of residence in the target language community. In this study, on the basis of a replication of a study on pragmatic and grammatical awareness by Bardovi-Harlig and Dörnyei (1998), learners’ motivational factors were incorporated to investigate the relationship between motivation and pragmatic awareness. Through cluster analysis, the data were analyzed from the perspective of learners’ motivational profiles in order to see how the profiles affect pragmatic awareness. The results revealed that learners’ motivational profiles influence not only their perception of error identification, but also their severity ratings of errors, suggesting that noticing and understanding of the pragmatic information (Schmidt, 1995) are important aspects in the future study of interlanguage pragmatics.



中間言語語用論の分野において,言語環境,熟達度,目標言語環境への滞在期間等の要因と語用論的意識の関係について調査がなされてきた。本研究では,Bardovi-Harlig and Dörnyei (1998) の研究を基に,学習者の動機づけ要因が語用論的意識に及ぼす影響を,学習者の動機づけプロファイリングから考察した。動機づけを連続体と捉える自己決定理論に基づき,クラスタ分析を用いて学習者を4つのクラスタに分類した。その結果,文法的誤りへの気づきはクラスタ間に違いはなかったが、より自律的である学習者ほど,語用論的誤りへの気づき度が高いことが明らかとなった。このことより,より自律的な学習者であるほど,形式へのnoticingから,語用論的内容を含めたunderstandingへの意識の移行(Schmidt, 1995)がなされていることが示唆された。


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