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Japanese college students’ attitudes towards English as an international language: A structural equation modeling analysis

Writer(s): 
Nozomu Sonda

The present study examines Japanese college students’ attitudes towards English as an international language (EIL). A questionnaire is used for data gathering and the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique is used for analysis. The results show that the respondents (N = 199) held positive attitudes towards EIL on the whole as well as to its sub-dimensions of EIL Use, General and Bilingual Attitudes. All the four background variables were significantly related to EIL Attitude, especially Gender. However, SEM analysis indicates that EIL Use Attitude was most strongly linked by students’ EIL culture and grade level while General-Bilingual Attitude was most strongly connected to an international orientation called International Posture. Gender and English proficiency level were only indirectly related to EIL Attitude.
本研究は、国際語としての英語(EIL)に対する大学生の態度の測定と分析を報告する。データ収集法は質問紙法で、また、構造方程式モデリング(SEM)をデータ分析に用いた。その結果、199名の大学生のEILに対する態度は積極的で、またEIL態度の構成部分であるEIL Use、General EIL Attitude、Bilingual Attitudeもそれぞれ積極的な態度が示された。全般的に、性別、専攻分野、英語能力、学年とも、EIL態度に有意な差を生じたが、性別の関連性が最も強かった。SEM分析によると、EIL Useは学生文化と学年に最も強い関連性を、General AttitudeとBilingual AttitudeはInternational Postureにもっとも強い関連性を示した。性別と英語力のレベルは、EIL Attitudeに間接的な関連性だけを示した。

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