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An effective way to improve listening skills through shadowing

Page No.: 
3
Writer(s): 
Yo Hamada、 Akita University

 

Abstract

While improving listening comprehension skills has been one of the most difficult areas for language teachers and learners, shadowing has been playing a sensational role in improving learners’ listening skills in Japan in recent years. Most studies reported the effectiveness of short-term shadowing training in terms of learners’ listening skill improvement. However, how teachers can improve the skills effectively has not been fully examined. In order to explore a more effective procedure for teaching through shadowing, this study examined the shadowing procedure as a method of teaching listening. The research question was to determine whether the use of a combination of two levels of materials for shadowing improves learners’ listening comprehension skills better than materials of similar difficulty levels. The results show that a combination of the two different difficulties of materials improves learners’ listening comprehension skills more than offering materials at only one level of difficulty.  

リスニング力向上は教師・学習者にとって最も難しい分野であるが、近年シャドーイングは日本で重要な役割を担っている。多くの研究では、短期間のシャドーイング訓練の効果自体は報告されているが、どのように効果的に向上させるかについては十分には深められていない。シャドーイングを用いた、より効果的な指導法を研究するために、本論ではその方法を追及する。本論の目的は、難易度の異なる教材を組み合わせた場合と同程度の難易度の教材を使用した場合のどちらが効果的かを検討することである。その結果、難易度の異なる教材を組み合わせた場合の方が効果的だということが確認された。

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